"A Long Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN) is perfect for Aquaculture"

Water quality is a essential part for any operations success

LoRaWAN Enables Smart Fish Farming

The global demand for seafood has dramatically increased over the past three decades and is anticipated to continue to grow. In 2018 the fisheries industry generated $271 billion globally and is expected to exceed $376 billion by 2025. Some of Australia’s most sought after aquaculture species including Salmon, Tuna, Oysters and Prawns are already commonly farmed with companies exploring new and improved ventures all the time, more recently Tropical Rock Lobster and Morton Bay Bugs.

With the rise in popularity the need for environmentally responsible practices is a high priority for producers and customers alike. In addition to this, the need to produce sustainable, high-quality and safe products is paramount.

When marine aquaculture facilities are properly regulated and designed, and the necessary environmental and ethical practices are considered the advantages of fish farming can easily outweigh the negative.

One of most important elements to the success of an aquaculture facility is water quality. The aim is being able to replicate the species natural environment as closely as possible, which can only be done through careful water quality monitoring and corrective control systems.

Aquaculture Water Quality - AquaTROLL 500

There are many water quality sensors on the market today, all have advantages and disadvantages.

In some cases, sensors are placed to log data and require retrieval for manual download after a period of time. This is time consuming when multiple sensors are at play and adds a degree of lag to any reaction.

Larger operations generally have a wired network and connect their sensors physically to Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC’s). This means they see the data in real time, but it is often expensive to set up and isn’t very dynamic – it can be difficult to move a sensor if you don’t have the infrastructure in place.

Wireless systems are the best solution, but they can be complicated to use and expensive to use. It is not uncommon for each sensor to have it’s own network connection, meaning you have to have multiple 4G accounts for example.

LoRaWAN Gateway

LoRaWAN brings huge advantages to the aquaculture industry by solving many of the pitfalls of other common wireless technologies. A single LoRaWAN gateway can receive data from 100’s of water quality sensors, with a range of over 10km line-of-sight through a long-range RF link. The gateway is connected to the internet via Wi-Fi, Ethernet or 4G and it is the only device that needs a connection to the outside world.

DLO8 Aquaculture LoRaWAN gateway
Abundance of Sensors

There is an abundance of water quality sensors that use MODBUS through RS485 for communication. In-Situ for example, have a huge range of water quality sensors and are very well respected in the aquaculture industry across the globe.

In-situ Aquatroll 500 on IoT Cloud
LoRaWAN Intergration

In a Telemetry2U lead project we connected an Aqua TROLL 500, capable of measuring parameters like temperature, conductivity, pH, ORP/Redox, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, and depth. We also connected a standalone Dissolved Oxygen sensor called the In-Situ RDO PRO-X. The connection was made using a Dragino’s RS485-LN - RS485 to LoRaWAN converter. A simple script was written to request the sensor values via standard MODBUS commands. Data records were converted to a single record before sending the payload to Telemetry2U servers. From there customers were able to clearly view the data in various formats like dashboards, charts, and tables. See the live demo here.

You can also see a working demo of an In-Situe RDO Dissolved Oxygen Sensor on Telemetry2U's IoT Platform.

Dragino RS485LN connected to In-Situ AquaTROLL 500

In-Situ is just one example of sensor integration made possible with Telemetry2U. The massive range of sensors with RS485 interface is extensive and we can connect to just about any of them. It is possible for users to complete this integration process themselves with a small amount of programming knowledge, but Telemetry2U are always here and happy to assist with any new projects, so feel free to contact us any time.

If you’re interested in learning more about how we can help manage real-time data on your fish farming projects, get in touch today. We’d love to hear from you.